During the colonial period, English was widely used to study and teach. Writers who graduated from universities in British India started writing in English. However, no literature was written in English between the 1947–48 independence movement and the 1960s, when an English-language literary revival was initiated by the new governments under Ayub Khan and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Since then, Pakistani fiction writers have been strongly focused on realism, using the sizzling \"present-tense\" and the sardonic to comment on a degenerate society. Pakistani writers from this era include: Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Aminul Haq, Hedayatullah Maran, Malik Aziz Mathu Khan, M. A. Jinnah, Saadat Hasan Manto, and Malik Muhammad Baloch.
Due to a high fertility rate, estimated at 3.3 in 2022, Pakistan has one of the world's youngest populations. The 2017 census recorded that 40.3% of the country's population was under the age of 15, while only 3.7% of Pakistanis were aged 65 or more. The median age of the country was 19, while its sex ratio was recorded to be 105 males per 100 females. 7211a4ac4a